St Mary's

Catholic Primary School

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Welcome to our Year 6 Geography Topic!



Global Challenges!


This unit is designed to expand their knowledge of human and physical geography. The unit begins with an exploration of land use. Pupils will gain an understanding of how climate zones effect how land is used and start to gain an understanding that if climate change occurs there are serious consequences. Pupils will have some prior knowledge of land use from the unit in Year 3. Pupils will then learn about natural resources – identifying what they are, where we find them and how they are distributed around the world. Pupils will begin to understand that the distribution of resources is unfair in the first instance because some countries naturally have more. This links with the following session as we look at how the world trades. Pupils will start to develop their understanding that wealthy countries are able to buy natural resources from other countries even if they do not have them. Whereas some countries such as Mozambique are abundant in natural resources but do not have the necessary money to process them and create highly desired products that ultimately promote economic growth. Pupils learn about the UK’s imports and exports and gain an awareness of what we rely on. As they uncover that our largest import is fruit and veg, pupils will then explore sustainability and how one thing we could do is grow/use more local produce. Pupils become more aware of renewable and non-renewable resources and how we can make local, national, and global choices to become more sustainable. As the unit progresses two more global challenges are investigated. Pupils learn about climate change – gaining an understanding of the greenhouse effect and how this causes global warming. They will also research the effects of climate change and what individuals are doing to try and make a change. In the final session, pupils will learn about what a border is and how they vary in severity. Borders have changed throughout historical mostly due to political reasons such as wars, treaties, and trade. They will explore a variety of different borders and can discuss the types of borders they may have crossed. This leads into migration and the reasons why people move around the world. The terms migrant, immigrant and refugee will be defined, and pupils will recognise the push and pull factors for migration. They will then look in more detail at what the refugee crisis is and how we aim to help. This session highlights environmental refugees and how there are more today than refugees from war highlighting the severity of the global challenges we face. The unit takes pupils on a journey as a global citizen, outlining the way we use our planet, the challenges and potential consequences we face and ultimately the responsibility we have.