St Mary's

Catholic Primary School

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Geography at St. Mary's

"The study of geography is about more than just memorising places on a map. It's about understanding the complexity of our world."

President Barack Obama



Geography at St. Mary's is about equipping the children with the skills and knowledge to explore the world we live in.  


Geography is, by nature, an investigative subject, which develops an understanding of concepts, knowledge and skills. We seek to inspire in children a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people which will remain with them for the rest of their lives; to promote the children’s interest and understanding of diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. The curriculum is designed develop knowledge and skills that are progressive, as well as transferable. Through an engaging curriculum and meaningful experiences, we aim to nurture our future geographers and equip them with the knowledge they will need to become mindful citizens of the world.



During the Spring term, Geography is our focus, which is known as our 'Explore' term. Children are provided with a balance of projects, which start with an enquiry question that they work through to unpick and answer, to explore both the human and physical aspects of geography and more importantly, how they fit into this world and the impact, both positive and negative, they can have on our world. As a school, we create projects to ensure our children receive rich knowledge through coverage of the National Curriculum, whilst teaching them the geographical skills required. Their geographical skills are mapped out progressively and built upon year on year through enquiry, map skills, fieldwork skills and environment. The children know teachers’ expectations for their Geography work is just as high as all other subjects, and they are challenged to always achieve to the best of their ability. Higher level geographers are challenged to extend their knowledge of the world and work is differentiated appropriately for children with SEN to allow them to access their programme of study.


  • Immersive classrooms created with the children to bring their projects to life. 
  • A focus on high quality language to develop the children's vocabulary. 
  • Provide life experiences for our children through a project related trip or visitors into the classroom. 
  • They work towards an open afternoon at the end of their project to showcase their learning to parents, governors and any visitors they choose to invite as part of their projects. 



  Enquiry Question Curriculum Content
Year 1 What do we treasure the most? 

Cities, towns, villages, houses, UK and capital cities


Year 2 Why must we be the change we want to see in our world?

Rainforests and oceans

(deforestation and plastic) 

Year 3 Do we always appreciate what we've got?   The UK; countries, cities, rivers and land use
Year 4 How can small actions eventually change the world?

Local area study


Year 5 What is the difference between living and surviving? 

Life of refugees 

Human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water.

Year 6 Does adversity make you stronger? 

Natural disasters

Physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes.



Children at St. Mary's want to explore the world they live in! They have both the geographical knowledge and the skills that they can apply to other areas of their learning. They will gain a deep understanding of the world we live in, their impact on our world and how they can make a difference to our planet. Looking in their project books; their knowledge and understanding is clear and progressive year on year. Teachers mainly use formative assessment tools with elements of summative assessment to ensure their judgement, of each child, in geography is accurate.